who owns the falkland islands

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the United Kingdom

Who has sovereignty over the Falkland Islands?

Feb 08, 2022 · The 3,400 or so people who live on the Falkland Islands govern themselves, according to the country’s website, although they remain a British overseas territory, meaning that the U.K. is responsible for the country’s defense and foreign affairs.

Who should the Falkland Islands belong to?

Feb 02, 2012 · A Dutch voyage under Sebald de Weert named them the Sebaldines in 1600. It is not entirely clear to scholars if any of them actually located the Falklands or other south Atlantic islands such as …

Why did Argentina invade the Falkland Islands?

Apr 05, 2022 · Who owns the Falkland Islands? The Falkland Islands are a UK overseas territory. However, they are wholly internally self-governing under the January 2009 Constitution.

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Does Britain still own the Falkland Islands?

The Falkland Islands are a self-governing British Overseas Territory. Under the 2009 Constitution, the islands have full internal self-government; the UK is responsible for foreign affairs, retaining the power “to protect UK interests and to ensure the overall good governance of the territory”.

Are the Falkland Islands British or Argentinian?

The isolated and sparsely-populated Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory in the south-west Atlantic Ocean, remain the subject of a sovereignty dispute between Britain and Argentina, who waged a brief but bitter war over the territory in 1982.May 14, 2018

Why does Argentina think they own the Falklands?

Argentina says it has a right to the islands, which it calls the Malvinas, because it inherited them from the Spanish crown in the early 1800s. It has also based its claim on the islands’ proximity to the South American mainland.May 14, 2018

Why does the UK want the Falkland Islands?

The primary purpose was to establish a naval base where ships could be repaired and take on supplies in the region. This might possibly count as an invasion, since a group of about 75 French colonists were living on the islands; they’d arrived the previous year. However, the British hadn’t known the French were there.Mar 19, 2015

Do Falkland Islanders want to be British?

Falkland Islanders overwhelmingly prefer to remain British. They gained full British citizenship with the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, after British victory in the Falklands War.

Who owns the Falkland Islands 2021?

the United Kingdom
Falkland Islands, also called Malvinas Islands or Spanish Islas Malvinas, internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean.
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Who helped Britain in the Falklands War?

In his memoirs, former UK Defence Secretary Sir John Nott describes France as Britain’s “greatest ally” during the Falklands War. But formerly secret papers and other evidence seen by the BBC show that was not the full story. Before the war, France sold Argentina’s military junta five Exocet missiles.Mar 6, 2012

Who owned the Falkland Islands before Britain?

France established a colony on the islands in 1764. In 1765, a British captain claimed the islands for Britain. In early 1770 a Spanish commander arrived from Buenos Aires with five ships and 1,400 soldiers forcing the British to leave Port Egmont.

Does Argentina still claim the Falklands?

The United Kingdom sent troops and Argentina lost the two-month war for the South Atlantic archipelago in a conflict that claimed the lives of 649 Argentines and 255 British soldiers. Argentina still claims the islands. London says the Falklands are a self-governing entity under its protection.Feb 7, 2022

Are the Falkland Islands valuable?

The Falkland Islands have a GDP of $164.5 million, and a per capita GDP of $70,800 (2015 estimate) compared with the United Kingdom GDP per capita of $35,200 (2009 estimate). The contributors to the GDP by sector (2010 forecast) are: Fisheries – 52.5% Government (including health and education) – 14.0%

Is there oil in the Falklands?

1) North Falklands Basin

200 kilometres to the north of the islands, it is estimated that there are 325 million barrels of recoverable oil. The oil is at a depth of between 2000-3500 m below the sea floor — which is 450 m below sea-level.

What language is spoken in Falkland Islands?

English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by the inhabitants of early medieval England.

Wikipedia

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Who discovered the Falkland Islands?

Although Fuegians from Patagonia may have visited the Falkland Islands in prehistoric times, the islands were uninhabited when Europeans first discovered them. Claims of discovery date back to the 16th century, but no consensus exists on whether early explorers discovered the Falklands or other islands in the South Atlantic. The first undisputed landing on the islands is attributed to English captain John Strong, who, en route to Peru and Chile’s littoral in 1690, discovered the Falkland Sound and noted the islands’ water and game.

Which country has sovereignty over the Falkland Islands?

The United Kingdom and Argentina both assert sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The UK bases its position on its continuous administration of the islands since 1833 and the islanders’ “right to self-determination as set out in the UN Charter “. Argentina claims that, when it achieved independence in 1816, it acquired the Falklands from Spain. The incident of 1833 is particularly contentious; Argentina considers it proof of “Britain’s usurpation” whereas the UK discounts it as a mere reassertion of its claim.

Where is Stanley, the capital of the Falkland Islands?

The capital and largest settlement is Stanley on East Falkland. Controversy exists over the Falklands’ discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements.

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How many islands are there in the Falkland Islands?

The Falkland Islands have a land area of 4,700 square miles (12,000 km 2) and a coastline estimated at 800 miles (1,300 km). The archipelago consists of two main islands, West Falkland and East Falkland, and 776 smaller islands.

What is the habitat of the Falkland Islands?

The Falkland Islands are biogeographically part of the Antarctic zone, with strong connections to the flora and fauna of Patagonia in mainland South America. Land birds make up most of the Falklands’ avifauna; 63 species breed on the islands, including 16 endemic species. There is also abundant arthropod diversity on the islands. The Falklands’ flora consists of 163 native vascular species. The islands’ only native terrestrial mammal, the warrah, was hunted to extinction by European settlers.

Where are the Falklands located?

The islands are located in the South Atlantic Ocean, on the Patagonian Shelf, about 300 miles (480 km) east of Patagonia in southern Argentina.

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What does “falk” mean in Gaelic?

^ According to researcher Simon Taylor, the exact Gaelic etymology is unclear as the “falk” in the name could have stood for “hidden” (falach), “wash” (failc), or “heavy rain” (falc).

Ship

The Falkland Islands (Malvinas) is a British overseas territory, but there have been several disputes over who actually controls West Falkland, East Falkland and the 776 other small islands that make up the entire region.

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Who owns the Falkland Islands?

Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands ( Spanish: Islas Malvinas) is disputed by Argentina and the United Kingdom . The British claim to sovereignty dates from 1690, when they were the first to land on the islands, and the United Kingdom has exercised de facto sovereignty over the archipelago almost continuously since 1833.

Which country has a claim to the Falkland Islands?

The Argentine government argues that it has maintained a claim over the Falkland Islands since 1833. It considers the archipelago part of the Tierra del Fuego Province, along with South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands .

When did the British claim the islands?

The British claim to sovereignty dates from 1690, when they were the first to land on the islands, and the United Kingdom has exercised de facto sovereignty over the archipelago almost continuously since 1833. Argentina has long disputed this claim, having been in control of the islands for a few years prior to 1833.

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Image Credit: Before Falklands Vote, Argentine and British Hostility …

When did Argentina invade the Falkland Islands?

The dispute escalated in 1982 , when Argentina invaded the islands, precipitating the Falklands War . Contemporary Falkland Islanders overwhelmingly prefer to remain British. They gained full British citizenship with the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, after British victory in the Falklands War.

When did Argentina claim sovereignty over the Falkland Islands?

Argentina saw this as an opportunity to push its case for gaining sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, and raised the issue in the United Nations, first stating its claim after joining the UN in 1945 .

What was the British presence in the Falkland Islands?

Following the 1982 war, the British increased their presence in the Falkland Islands. RAF Mount Pleasant was constructed. This allowed fighter jets to be based on the islands and strengthened the UK’s ability to reinforce the Islands at short notice. The military garrison was substantially increased and a new garrison was established on South Georgia. The Royal Navy South Atlantic patrol was strengthened to include both HMS Endurance and a Falkland Islands guard ship.

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What is the Falkland Islands Constitution?

The Constitution of the Falkland Islands, which came into force on 1 January 2009, claims the right to self-determination, specifically mentioning political, economic, cultural, and other matters.

When was the Falkland Islands Company founded?

The Falkland Islands Company, incorporated in 1852 and granted a Royal Charter in 1851, played a notable part in the economic development of the islands and was for many years the single largest sheep rancher there.

Where is the Falkland Islands?

It lies about 300 miles (480 km) northeast of the southern tip of South America and a similar distance east of the Strait of Magellan. The capital and major town is Stanley, on …

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Where is the capital of Falkland?

The capital and major town is Stanley, on East Falkland; there are also several scattered small settlements as well as a Royal Air Force base that is located at Mount Pleasant, some 35 miles (56 km) southwest of Stanley.

What is the name of the island in South America?

In South America the islands are generally known as Islas Malvinas, because early French settlers had named them Malouines, or Malovines, in 1764, after their home port of Saint-Malo, France. Area 4,700 square miles (12,200 square km). Pop. (2012, excluding British military personnel stationed on the islands) 2,563.

What are the two islands in the Falkland Islands?

The two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, and about 200 smaller islands form a total land area nearly as extensive as the U.S. state of Connecticut. The government of the Falkland Islands also administers the British overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, including the Shag and Clerke rocks, …

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What are the animals that live in the Falklands?

There are no longer any land mammals indigenous to the Falklands, the wild fox being extinct. About 65 species of birds, including black-browed albatrosses, Falkland pipits, peregrine falcons, and striated caracaras, are found on the islands.

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Where are sheep kept in the Falkland Islands?

Almost the whole area of the two main islands, outside of Stanley, is devoted to sheep farming. The islands’ sheep stations (ranches) vary in size and may be owned by individual families or by companies based in Britain. Several hundred thousand sheep are kept on the islands, producing several thousand tons of wool annually as well as some mutton. The wool is sold in Great Britain and is the Falklands’ leading land-based export. The Falkland Islands Company, incorporated in 1852 and granted a Royal Charter in 1851, played a notable part in the economic development of the islands and was for many years the single largest sheep rancher there.

What is the Falkland Islands?

The isolated and sparsely-populated Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory in the south-west Atlantic Ocean, remain the subject of a sovereignty dispute between Britain and Argentina, who waged a brief but bitter war over the territory in 1982. Argentine forces, who had landed on the Falklands to stake a territorial claim, …

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Image Credit: Argentina urges UK to return to negotiating table over …

What was the Falklands War?

Falklands War. The isolated and sparsely-populated Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory in the south-west Atlantic Ocean, remain the subject of a sovereignty dispute between Britain and Argentina, who waged a brief but bitter war over the territory in 1982. Argentine forces, who had landed on the Falklands to stake a territorial claim, …

Why is Argentina called Malvinas?

Argentina says it has a right to the islands, which it calls the Malvinas, because it inherited them from the Spanish crown in the early 1800s. It has also based its claim on the islands’ proximity to the South American mainland.

What happened in 1831?

1831 – US warship destroys Argentine settlement in reprisal for the arrest of three US vessels hunting seals. 1833 – British force expels remaining Argentine officials from the island and installs a governor. Argentina continually protests against British occupation.

Overview

Bibliography

• Aldrich, Robert; Connell, John (1998). The Last Colonies. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-41461-6.
• Avakov, Alexander (2013). Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons. New York: Algora Publishing. ISBN 978-0-87586-963-6.
• Balmaceda, Daniel (2011). Historias Inesperadas de la Historia Argentina (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana. ISBN 978-950-07-3390-8.

Etymology

The name “Falkland Islands” comes from Falkland Sound, the strait that separates the two main islands. The name “Falkland” was applied to the channel by John Strong, captain of an English expedition that landed on the islands in 1690. Strong named the strait in honour of Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount of Falkland, the Treasurer of the Navy who sponsored his journey. The Viscount’s title originates from the town of Falkland, Scotland—the town’s name likely comes from a Gaelicterm …

History

Although Fuegians from Patagoniamay have visited the Falkland Islands in prehistoric times, the islands were uninhabited when Europeans first explored them. European claims of discovery date back to the 16th century, but no consensus exists on whether early explorers sighted the Falklands or other islands in the South Atlantic. The first undisputed landing on the islands is attri…

Government

The Falkland Islands are a self-governing British Overseas Territory. Under the 2009 Constitution, the islands have full internal self-government; the UK is responsible for foreign affairs, retaining the power “to protect UK interests and to ensure the overall good governance of the territory”. The Monarch of the United Kingdom is the head of state, and executive authorityis exercised on the monar…

Geography

The Falkland Islands have a land area of 4,700 square miles (12,000 km ) and a coastline estimated at 800 miles (1,300 km). The archipelago consists of two main islands, West Falkland and East Falkland, and 776 smaller islands. The islands are predominantly mountainous and hilly, with the major exception being the depressed plains of Lafonia(a peninsula forming the southern part of East …

Biodiversity

The Falkland Islands are biogeographically part of the Antarctic zone, with strong connections to the flora and fauna of Patagonia in mainland South America. Land birds make up most of the Falklands’ avifauna; 63 species breed on the islands, including 16 endemic species. There is also abundant arthropod diversity on the islands. The Falklands’ flora consists of 163 native vascular species. Th…

Economy

The economy of the Falkland Islands is ranked the 222nd largest out of 229 in the world by GDP (PPP), but ranks 5th worldwide by GDP (PPP) per capita. The unemployment rate was 1% in 2016, and inflation was calculated at 1.4% in 2014. Based on 2010 data, the islands have a high Human Development Index of 0.874 and a moderate Gini coefficient for income inequalityof 34.17. The local currenc…