The United States is a land of opportunity, attracting millions with its vibrant culture, economic strength, and welcoming environment.


For Brazilians looking to build a life in the US, obtaining a Green Card is the key to permanent residency and the chance to chase the American dream.

This comprehensive guide will navigate you through the process of acquiring a Green Card, outlining eligibility categories, application steps, and valuable resources specific to Brazilians.

Green Card for Brazilians

What is Green Cards

A Green Card, officially known as a Permanent Resident Card, grants you lawful permanent residency in the United States. It allows you to live and work freely within the country, enjoy many of the same benefits as citizens, and opens the path towards eventual naturalization.

Eligibility for Brazilians

There are several categories under which Brazilian citizens can qualify for a Green Card. Here’s a breakdown of the most common ones:

  • Family Ties: This is the most popular route for Brazilians. If you have a US citizen spouse, parent, adult child, or sibling, they can petition for you, initiating the Green Card process.
  • Employment: If you possess skills or qualifications sought after by US employers, they can sponsor you for a Green Card. This typically involves complex labor certification procedures to demonstrate that your hiring won’t adversely affect American workers. Certain professions with a shortage of qualified professionals have a faster track.
  • Investment: Investors willing to create jobs and invest a substantial amount of capital in a US business can qualify for an EB-5 Green Card.
  • Diversity Visa Lottery: The US offers a limited number of Diversity Visas annually through a lottery system. Brazilians are eligible to participate if their home country has a low immigration rate to the US.

Important Note: This is not an exhaustive list. It’s crucial to consult with an immigration attorney to determine the most suitable Green Card category for your specific situation.

The Green Card Application Process

The Green Card application journey can be complex, so meticulous preparation is vital. Here’s a simplified roadmap:

  1. Petition or Application Filing: Depending on your category, either your US citizen sponsor (family or employment) or you (investment or diversity visa) will initiate the process by filing a petition or application with US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
  2. Priority Date Establishment: USCIS assigns a priority date based on your category and filing date. This determines your place in line for visa availability – some categories have long wait times.
  3. Background Checks and Medical Examination: You’ll undergo security checks and a medical exam by a USCIS-approved physician.
  4. Interview: Once your visa becomes available, you’ll attend an interview at a US Consulate or Embassy in Brazil.
  5. Green Card Issuance: Upon successful completion of all steps, USCIS will mail your Green Card to your US address.

Maintaining Permanent Residency: To maintain your Green Card status, you must generally spend at least six months cumulatively in the US each year. Failure to do so can lead to Green Card revocation.



The US Embassy & Consulates in Brazil offer a wealth of information specifically tailored for Brazilians seeking Green Cards:

  • USCIS Green Card website:
  • Visa Navigator: (This US Embassy & Consulates in Brazil tool helps you understand the process for your specific situation)
  • Immigration Attorney Consultation: Consulting an experienced immigration attorney is highly recommended for personalized guidance throughout the process.


How long does it take to get a Green Card?

Processing times vary significantly depending on your Green Card category and current visa backlog. Employment-based Green Cards can take several years, while family-based petitions for immediate relatives of US citizens may be faster.

What are the costs involved in obtaining a Green Card?

There are various government filing fees associated with the application process. Consult an attorney for the latest fee schedule.

Can I travel outside the US while my Green Card application is pending?

Yes, but it’s crucial to consult with an immigration attorney before traveling. Leaving the US for extended periods could raise questions about your residency intentions.

What documents do I need to apply for a Green Card?

  • Proof of relationship to your US citizen sponsor (for family-based applications)
  • Educational degrees and employment documents (for employment-based applications)
  • Proof of investment funds (for EB-5 investors)
  • Medical examination results
  • Passport-sized photographs

What happens if my Green Card application is denied?

If your application is denied, you have the right to appeal the decision. Consulting with an immigration attorney specializing in appeals is crucial in such situations.

Tips for Brazilians

  • Start planning early: The Green Card process can be lengthy. Research your options well in advance and begin gathering necessary documents as soon as possible.
  • Seek professional guidance: An experienced immigration attorney can navigate the legalities, ensure proper documentation, and represent you effectively throughout the process.
  • Learn English: While not always mandatory, proficiency in English demonstrates your commitment to integrating into American society.
  • Stay informed: Immigration laws and procedures are subject to change. Stay updated through official USCIS and US Embassy & Consulates in Brazil websites.

NOTE: Obtaining a Green Card is a significant step towards achieving your American dream. By understanding the process, gathering the necessary information, and seeking professional guidance, you can increase your chances of success.

Disclaimer: Always consult with a qualified immigration attorney for personalized guidance regarding your specific situation.